Chapter: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | Association Governance
Article: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | Member Election
Section: 5100 | 5105 | 5110 | 5115 | 5120 | 5125 | 5130 | 5135 | 5145 |

Section 5145 - Civil Action to Enforce Article

(a) A member of an association may bring a civil action for declaratory or equitable relief for a violation of this article by the association, including, but not limited to, injunctive relief, restitution, or a combination thereof, within one year of the date the that the inspector or inspectors of elections notifies the board and membership of the election results or the cause of action accrues. Upon a finding accrues, whichever is later. If a member establishes, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the election procedures of this article, or the adoption of and adherence to rules provided by Article 5 (commencing with Section 4340) of Chapter 3, were not followed, a court mayshall void any results of the election.election unless the association establishes, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the association’s noncompliance with this article or the election operating rules did not affect the results of the election. The findings of the court shall be stated in writing as part of the record.

(b) A member who prevails in a civil action to enforce the member's rights pursuant to this article shall be entitled to reasonable attorney's fees and court costs, and the court may impose a civil penalty of up to five hundred dollars ($500) for each violation, except that each identical violation shall be subject to only one penalty if the violation affects each member of the association equally. A prevailing association shall not recover any costs, unless the court finds the action to be frivolous, unreasonable, or without foundation. If a member prevails in a civil action brought in small claims court, the member shall be awarded court costs and reasonable attorney’s fees incurred for consulting an attorney in connection with this civil action.

(c) A cause of action underSections 5100 to 5130, inclusive, with respect to access to association resources by a candidate or member advocating a point of view, the receipt of a ballot by a member, or the counting, tabulation, or reporting of, or access to, ballots for inspection and review after tabulation subdivision (a) may be brought in small claims courteither the superior court or, if the amount of the demand does not exceed the jurisdiction of that court. jurisdictional amount of the small claims court, in small claims court.

This section is referenced in Section 5125

Prior Law:  Old CID Section 1363.09

Amended:  Statutes of 2012, Chapter 180, Statutes of 2019, Chapter 848

Similar to CI-CID: None